• Symptomatic Subjects: Bodies, Medicine, and Causation in the Literature of Late Medieval England

    Author(s)
    Julie Orlemanski
    Publisher
    University of Pennsylvania Press Presentation text In the period just prior to medicine’s modernity—before the rise of Renaissance anatomy, the centralized regulation of medical practice, and the valorization of scientific empiricism—England was the scene of a remarkable upsurge in medical writing. Between the arrival of the Black Death in 1348 and the emergence of printed English books a century and a quarter later, thousands of discrete medical texts (...)

  • The Age of Intoxication: Origins of the Global Drug Trade

    Author(s)
    Benjamin Breen Title
    The Age of Intoxication: Origins of the Global Drug Trade Publisher
    University of Pennsylvania Press Presentation text
    Eating the flesh of an Egyptian mummy prevents the plague. Distilled poppies reduce melancholy. A Turkish drink called coffee increases alertness. Tobacco cures cancer. Such beliefs circulated in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, an era when the term "drug" encompassed everything from herbs and spices—like nutmeg, cinnamon, (...)

  • HoST 14.1 (Jun. 2020) Special Issue - STANDARDS: TAMING KNOWLEDGE?

    Author(s)
    Javier Ordóñez, Antonio Sánchez
    Publisher
    De Gruyter/Sciendo Presentation text Special issue “Standards: Taming Knowledge?”, with an introduction by the guest editors Javier Ordóñez and Antonio Sánchez to the four articles that it contains. They are case studies dealing with the setting of standards’ epistemological and institutional issues in the modern period, with approaches ranging from the history and philosophy of mathematics, the history and visual culture of biology to the (...)

  • Salomon Maimon’s Theory of Invention: Scientific Genius, Analysis and Euclidean Geometry

    Author(s)
    Idit Chikurel
    Publisher
    De Gruyter Presentation text How can we invent new certain knowledge in a methodical manner? This question stands at the heart of Salomon Maimon’s theory of invention. Chikurel argues that Maimon’s contribution to the ars inveniendi tradition lies in the methods of invention which he prescribes for mathematics. Influenced by Proclus’ commentary on Elements, these methods are applied on examples taken from Euclid’s Elements and Data. Centering around (...)

  • Stokes at 200 (Parts 1 &2)

    Author(s)
    Silvana Cardoso, Julyan Cartwright, Herbert Hupper
    Publisher
    Royal Society Publishing Presentation text Royal Society Publishing has recently published a special double issue of Philosophical Transactions A entitled Stokes at 200 (Parts 1 &2) – compiled and edited by Silvana Cardoso, Julyan Cartwright, Herbert Huppert and Christopher Ness and the articles can be accessed at https://bit.ly/TransA2174 and https://bit.ly/TransA2179 The issues are both currently FREELY (...)